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What is APA Referencing? 

APA style is a format for academic documents such as journal articles and books. It is codified in the style guide of the American Psychological Association (APA), titled the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.


Use the APA-quick-reference-guide to reference all research work. See quick reference guide below-courtesy The University of Waikato (updated ):

apa-quick-guide2016.pdf apa-quick-guide2016.pdf
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The instructional videos below show how to do APA referencing. Step by step guides on referencing and how to list journal articles in the reference list at the back of your project/research.



What is a bibliography?

A bibliography is different from referencing! A bibliography is a list of books, scholarly articles, and other sources you use when researching a topic and writing a paper. The bibliography will appear at the end of your paper.

The bibliography is sometimes called Works Cited or Works Consulted.

Bibliography entries must be written in a very specific format, but that format will depend you the particular style of writing you use. Your teacher will tell you which style to use, and for most school papers these will be either MLAAPA, or Turabian style.

Bibliography entries will include:

  • Author

  • Title of your source

  • Publication information

  • Date

Your entries should be listed in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. If you are using two publications that are written by the same author, the order and format will depend on the style of writing.


"Bibliography-example" by Mister.mansour - Own work. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.